Know as Egypt's winter resort (10oc to 24 oc) offering a delightful, natural beauty with a relaxed and pleasant atmosphere of warm and dry climate.
A wide variety of ancient monuments and peaceful beauty of the countryside draw visitors to Aswan through the winter months.
Lying 890 km south of Cairo, it has long been known as the "Gate to Africa" and the contact point between Arabian North Africa and sub-Saharan cultures.
Land mark in Aswan
The Temple of Philae
This superb assemblage of temples dedicated to the mother-goddess Isis, they once stood and that was wholly submerged beneath the water of Lake Nasser. A spectacular rescue operation sponsored by UNESCO was begun 1962 and completed in 1970 whereby the entire island complex was methodically dismantled and re-erected on the higher island Aglika.
The Unfinished Obelisk
Still attached to the quarry-bed with its three other sides and apex already carved, this graceful granite monument nearly 24 meters in length would have weighted 1164 tons if completed, It demonstrate the technique of detaching rock from a quarry by boring holes along prescribed lines, driving wedges into the holes, soaking the wedges with water causing them to expand and thus crack the rock face.
The main one of many islands that make up the Nile at Aswan , The Elephantine Island is richly vand overgrown with luxuriant palms. It was the home of two Nubian villages whose inhabitants still preserve their old traditions. It is also the location of the ancient nilometer and Aswan museum.
The High Dam
The High Dam has a massive accumulation of 42.7 billion cubic meters (17 times the volume of the great pyramid) of stones, sand, clay core and concrete casing, extending 3.6 kms in length and 111 meters in height. Inaugurated in January 1971, after eleven years of work, it has created an immense reservoir, Lake Nasser, covering an area of 5250 kms (510 km in length and 5 to 35 kms in width) and is the second artificial lake in the world.
The largest port in Egypt, And the most important summer resort in the Middle East. Its lies on the Mediterranean, west of the Nile Delta, 220 Km from Cairo.
Alexander the great, it was built at his orders on the site of small village called Racotis ,in 332 B C to be the capital of his realm in Egypt, and a sea port close to his homeland, as well as a center of Greek culture and civilization.
Alexandria remained for centuries, a beacon of cultures from the world ove, and left its mark on the history of mankind.
Today, Alexandria is the second capital of Egypt.
Its ideally situated has temperate climate and soft sandy beaches.
Landmarks of Alexandria
The Greco - Roman Museum
The Pompey Pillar
The Roman Theatre
Abou Abbas Mosque
The Museum of Fine Arts
Known as "Thebes, the city of the thousand gates," Luxor was the center of the power for the Pharaohs for almost 1500 years.
Luxor reflects its rich array of magnificent temples and tombs. During the seventh century BC 2700 years ago, the Assyrians invaded Egypt and left the "city of the thousand gates" in ruins.
Today the new invaders are visitors who frequently arrive on Nile cruises or by airplanes to view the remnants of the truly magnifcoent civilization.
Land mark in Luxor
This metropolis of worship is a 50,000 square meter complex of towering pylons, mammoth statues, vast columned halls, sanctuaries, shrines, and obelisks. It was built by successive rulers over the period of 2000 years. The most awesome of its many wonders is the great hypostyle hall with its forest of 134 columns. At the far end of the Karnak is the Secret Lake with seating tiers for spectators to view the breath-taking sound and light show spectacle during the final phase of the tour.
Once linked to the Karnak Temple by a 2 km long avenue of ram-headed sphinxes of which many still stand. The Luxor Temple was built by Amenhotep III in the 15th century BC, hereto the statues, obelisks and hypostyle halls are of a colossal scale.
Valley of the Kings
In deep tunneled galleries glowing with colorful mural portraiture and inscriptions, over sixty of Egypt's most famous pharaohs were entombed. The most famous is the most modest in size tomb of the boy King Tut Ankh Amen. It was discovered in 1922 with its treasures found more or less intact. Valley of the Queens Less imposingin dimensions than the tombs of the Kings but certainly not in artistic depiction. The most beautiful is that of Nefertari, Ramsis II Queen.
The mortuary temple belongs to one of the greatest peacetime pharaohs. Queen Hatshepsut (1503-1482 BC) it rises in terraced tiers with the sheer cliff as a backdrop. One of its walls chronicles pictorially the trading expedition sent by the Queen to the land of Punt (present day Somalia).
Modern Cairo is a dazzling varied metropolis that hums with activity all year round.
A city of contrasts, it is a place where donkey carts, jockey with Mercedes along the crowded streets where a thousand minarets adorn the skyline alongside a sea of skyscrapers.
Each of the pagan, Christian and Muslim civilizations which Cairo has hosted has left its imprint in the form of customs, celebrations, monuments and artifacts.
Monuments such as the Pyramids, Sphinx, lively bazaars, Famous Islamic Mosques and ancient Coptic Churches open a window of a glorious past.
A Center of cultural, social intellectual, economic and political activity, Cairo also holds a diversity of world famous hotel chains, glittering nightclubs, Casinos, and discos Cairo the city that never sleeps, being the cultural and commercial center of the Arab world and the largest in Africa and the Middle East.
Cairo is, Egypt s capital, where East meets west, combining the exoticism of one and the sophistication of the other, is the largest city in Africa and the heart of the Arab world.
Cairo strikes one as a land of vivid contrasts. Its ancient civilization, unique history and culture blend harmoniously with the modern refinements of the 20th century.
Sites in Cairo
The Egyptian Museum
Sphinx of Giza
Khan El- Khalili