Cairo Attractions

We Have many important Cairo Tourist Attractions that are tourist attractions for all those interested in studying the history of the region from all over the world.

Tourism in Cairo depends on the many monuments that resulted from the diversity of civilizations and their differences throughout the ages, including the Pharaonic, Coptic, Roman, and Islamic civilizations.

Here is top Cairo Attractions

For Pyramids and Pharaonic Lovers 

Pyramids of Giza

Giza pyramid complex is located on the Giza plateau is one of the most important tourist places in Cairo, Egypt, on the west bank of the Nile.

It includes three pyramids of Khufu, Khafre, and Menkaure, which were built around 25 centuries BC. They are royal tombs, each bearing the name of the king who built it and who was buried in it. The pyramid building here is the stage of the development of tomb architecture in ancient Egypt.

The pyramids are characterized as one of the most important seven wonders of the world, one of the biggest puzzles, ancient and modern history, and the most Cairo tourist attractions

Sphinx of Giza Pyramids

The Great Sphinx is one of the most famous and distinctive tourist attractions in Egypt. The statue represents the body of a lion with the head of Pharaoh of Egypt carved in the form of a large statue, reaching a length of 73 meters, and a height of 20 meters.

It was built during the reign of King Khafre in about 2530 BC. The Great Sphinx is located next to the three pyramids of Giza, and it is believed that the statue was built to protect the Pharaonic tombs inside the pyramids from evil spirits, hence its Arabic name as the Sphinx.

Saqqara Pyramid of Djoser

The Saqqara Pyramid is the oldest pyramid built in ancient Egypt. Saqqara pyramid is located in Giza, specifically in the Saqqara region. The pyramid of Djoser was built between 2737 – 2717 BC by the royal architect Imhotep, and the purpose behind the construction was to allocate a cemetery for the burial of Egyptian nobles, and its discovery was during 1837 by the researcher John Bering.

One of the most important landmarks that you can visit at the pyramid of Saqqara is the southern cemetery, through which you can enjoy watching the wonderful pharaonic inscriptions and drawings, all dedicated to the king.

Memphis City

Memphis city was the ancient capital of Egypt and represents the first region of Lower Egypt. Its ruins are located near the town of Mit Rahina, 20 km south of Giza.

Red Pyramid

The Red Pyramids, also known as the North Pyramids, are a group of ancient Egyptian pyramids located at Dahshur, about 40 kilometers south of Cairo. They were built during the Fourth Dynasty of the Old Kingdom period, around 2600 BCE, and are considered among the earliest and most important pyramids in Egypt.

The largest of the Red Pyramids is the Bent Pyramid, which has a unique design featuring two different angles of inclination. The pyramid starts with a steep angle of 54 degrees, but halfway up, the angle changes to a more gentle slope of 43 degrees. This was an experimental design that Pharaoh Sneferu later abandoned in favor of the more traditional, straight-sided pyramid shape.

Dahshur Pyramid

The Dahshur Pyramids are a group of ancient Egyptian pyramids located at Dahshur, a royal necropolis about 40 kilometers south of Cairo. The site contains some of the earliest and most important pyramids in Egypt, including the Bent Pyramid and the Red Pyramid.

The Bent Pyramid, also known as the Southern Shining Pyramid, is one of the most distinctive pyramids in Egypt, with its unique design featuring two different angles of inclination. The pyramid starts with a steep angle of 54 degrees, but halfway up, the angle changes to a more gentle slope of 43 degrees. This was an experimental design that Pharaoh Sneferu later abandoned in favor of the more traditional, straight-sided pyramid shape.

The Red Pyramid, also known as the North Pyramid, is the largest of the Dahshur Pyramids and the third largest pyramid in Egypt. It is named for the reddish-brown color of the core stones that are exposed when the white limestone casing is removed. The Red Pyramid is considered one of the best-preserved pyramids in Egypt, and is open to visitors who can explore its interior chambers.

Pharaonic Village

It is an ideal place to learn about Egyptian history and the civilization of the pharaohs and discover the lifestyles that prevailed in those eras. The Pharaonic Village simulates the ancient villages of the Pharaohs that were present for thousands of years, where you can learn about their contents, landmarks, buildings, and even their personalities. We advise you to visit the Pharaonic Village when you are tourism in Cairo.

Cairo Museums 

Egyptian Museum

The Egyptian Museum is located in Tahrir Square in Cairo and the museum collects the largest collection of statues, antiques, coffins, and other impressive exhibits. Which made it one of the largest museums in the world, as the museum includes more than 150 thousand artifacts that express all stages of ancient Egyptian history.

The national museum of Egyptian civilization

The Museum of Egyptian Civilization in Fustat.. It is located near the Babylon fortress, overlooking Lake Ain Al-Sira in the heart of the historic city of Fustat in the Old Cairo region of Cairo.

And The museum accommodates fifty thousand artifacts that tell the stages of the development of Egyptian civilization, in addition to a display of the achievements of the Egyptian man in various fields of life from the dawn of history until the present time.

The Museum contains models, photographs, manuscripts, oil paintings, artifacts, and antiquities from the Stone Age, Pharaonic, Greco-Roman, Coptic, Arab, Sudan civilizations, and the modern era.

Islamic Cairo

Citadel of Saladin

Salah al-Din al-Ayyubi set out to build a fortress on the Mokattam mountain in Cairo, in a place known as the Air Dome, but he could not complete its construction in his lifetime. Rather, it was completed by Sultan Al-Kamil bin Al-Adil.

The first person to inhabit it was Al-Malik Al-Kamil, and he made it a home for the king, and it continued until the era of Muhammad Ali, as it is one of the most important monuments in the world witnessing the medieval wars. It is one of the most important places.

Mosque of Muhammad Ali

The Muhammad Ali Mosque is built in the Ottoman style in the city of Cairo, similar to ” the Hagia Sophia Mosque in Istanbul “, built by Muhammad Ali Pasha inside the Citadel of Salah al-Din al-Ayyubi in Cairo, the Egyptian capital, between the period from 1830 to 1848.

Ibn Tulun Mosque

It is a mosque built by Ahmed bin Tulun in the year 263 AH. Tulun is one of the Turkish Mamluks, and he was concerned with engineering matters in building the mosque. The minaret of the mosque is considered the oldest minaret in Egypt, and it is the only remaining mosque in Egypt whose features have not changed for hundreds of years. The Mosque of Ibn Tulun is the only mosque in Egypt that was dominated by the Samarra style, where the minaret of the spiral minaret is listed, and it is considered one of the best tourist places in Cairo

Sultan Hassan Mosque

The Imam Hussein Mosque was built during the Fatimid era in the year 549 AH corresponding to the year 1154 AD under the supervision of Minister Al-Salih Tala’s in the Egyptian capital, Cairo.

The mosque includes 3 doors built of white marble, one of which overlooks Khan Al-Khalili, and another door next to the dome, known as the Green Gate. It is considered one of the most important tourist attractions in Egypt

Kan El Kalili Bazaar & El moaz Street

One of the most important and famous Cairo markets, and it is a major attraction for both tourists and Egyptians. The Khan Al-Khalili market includes exhibits of handicrafts such as copperplates, woodwork, and other antiques and souvenirs that attract tourists to buy as a souvenir of their visit to the city. The market also includes many famous bookstores in addition to the famous Al-Fishawy Café.

El Moez Street, One of the most important streets in Old Cairo, you will feel that you are inside an open museum of Islamic architecture and art, as it includes the corridors of this great street, at its entrance, there is the Victory Gate, which was one of the gates of Fatimid Cairo, which is a unique architectural masterpiece, and includes a large number of ancient mosques.

Coptic & Christian Attractions

The Hanging church

The Hanging Church in Cairo, one of the oldest tourist attractions in Egypt, dates back to the late third century AD, and is considered the jewel of churches in the world, according to archaeologists’ estimation. It is called by this name because it was erected on two huge towers of the Babylon Fortress, about 13 meters high from The earth’s surface.

The Coptic Museum

The Coptic Museum is a museum located in Cairo, Egypt, that is dedicated to the art and history of the Coptic Orthodox Church. The museum is located within the Babylon Fortress, which was a major military and administrative center in ancient Egypt and later became an important center for Coptic Christianity.

The Coptic Museum houses one of the largest collections of Coptic art and artifacts in the world, with over 16,000 objects on display. The museum’s exhibits cover a wide range of topics related to Coptic history and culture, including early Christian art, icons, manuscripts, textiles, and everyday objects.

Some of the most notable items in the museum’s collection include a large number of early Christian textiles, including Coptic tapestries and embroidered garments, as well as a number of rare Coptic manuscripts, including the Nag Hammadi Library, which contains a collection of Gnostic texts.

The museum also has a number of exhibits on Coptic architecture, including models of churches and monasteries, and a collection of carved wooden screens and doors from Coptic churches.

St. Simon Monastery ( The Cave Church )

St. Simon Monastery, also known as the Cave Church, is a Coptic Orthodox church located in the Mokattam mountain range near Cairo, Egypt. The church is known for its unique location, carved into the rock face of the mountain, and its large size, making it one of the largest churches in the Middle East.

The Cave Church was established in the 1970s by a Coptic monk named Father Simon, who had a vision to build a church inside the mountain. The church was built by hand, with workers carving out the rock and constructing the church using simple tools and traditional building techniques.

The Cave Church is known for its impressive architecture and artwork, including large murals and intricate carvings that cover the walls and ceiling of the church. The church can accommodate up to 20,000 worshippers at once and has become an important pilgrimage site for Coptic Christians.

In addition to the church itself, the St. Simon Monastery complex also includes a number of smaller churches, chapels, and monastic dwellings, as well as a school, a medical clinic, and a community center that provides support and services to the local community.

The Cave Church is a must-see attraction for anyone visiting Cairo, offering a unique insight into the history and culture of Egypt’s Coptic Christian community and showcasing the impressive architectural and artistic achievements of the ancient Egyptians.

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