Things to do in Luxor
Luxor City, the “City of Civilization,” or “Open Temple” is one of the most important tourist cities in Egypt ever, it is as old as history itself. Wherever you go in Luxor you will find a great civilization. It is the capital of the ancient Pharaonic state, with the most important temples and pharaonic monuments.
Luxor not only attracts culture and history lovers but at the same time offers tourists a lot of surprises.
most notably Nile cruises trip in Luxor on the Nile River, which combines exploring the history and enjoying the most beautiful picturesque landscapes. As well as flying balloon trips that give you the most beautiful view of the city.
Now let’s go together to explore the best things to do in Luxor.
Karnak Temple is a temple complex of 11 temples, dating back more than 4,500 years to be the oldest houses of worship in history, so Karnak Temple is one of the most important and famous archaeological monuments in Egypt and in the world. The construction of the Karnak Temple lasted about 2,000 years, on a total area of about 46 acres to worship the god Amun Ra, his wife “Mott” and their son, the god Kunsu. Construction of the Karnak Temple began from the inside of Holies, then out, with the lobby of the largest columns in the world, which contains 134 columns, and then the entrance to the temple, the famous ram road. One of the most beautiful events in the Karnak Temple, which is considered one of the most important landmarks of Luxor .
Luxor Temple is one of the most prominent temples on the East bank , and is located near Karnak Temple. Its construction dates back to the era of the Middle Kingdom, by order of King Amuthotep III; to serve as the home of the god Amon Ra. Luxor Temple is characterized by its huge buildings, which start with its large gate and statues of Ramses II sitting on both sides of the entrance, two taboos, one lying in place, and the other in the French capital Paris since 1836 AD. Then there is the huge monument of Ramses II with a width of 65 m, then we will find the huge corridor consisting of two rows of great papyrus columns, and many distinctive edifices and chambers. Luxor Temple is also historically famous for its so-called “birth chamber,” which was a major reason for the construction of Luxor Temple itself, until King Grantup confirmed his legitimacy to rule by proving his lineage to the god Amun.
3-Temple of Hatshepsut
The temple of Hatshepsut deserves the title of jewel of Luxor temples, it is the largest and most important funerary temples in the era of the Pharaonic state. Tourists from all over the world come to enjoy the grandeur of its unique architecture. The temple was erected under a rocky slope in the monastery area of Bahri, which is one of the most important archaeological areas in Luxor located on the west bank of the Nile River, and was intended to worship the god Amon, the sun god. The temple consists of two parts, the outer part is for the neighborhoods and the interior is for the dead. The temple of the monastery of the sea is designed on 3 levels, with open balconies, built entirely of limestone, in front of the second floor there are several magnificent statues of Queen Hatshepsut and the god Osiris. The temple also features historical inscriptions scattered on its walls, which still retain their colors despite the passage of thousands of years.
4- Valley of Kings
The Valley of the Kings is an ancient burial ground located on the west bank of the Nile River in Luxor, Egypt. It is known for its many tombs and burial chambers, which were built for pharaohs and powerful nobles during the New Kingdom period (approximately 1550-1070 BC).
The valley contains over 60 tombs, many of which are decorated with elaborate paintings and hieroglyphics. The tombs were designed to protect the pharaohs’ bodies and their belongings for eternity, and were often filled with treasures, such as jewelry, furniture, and pottery.
Some of the most famous tombs in the Valley of the Kings include:
- Tutankhamun’s Tomb: This tomb is one of the most well-known and well-preserved in the valley. It was discovered in 1922 by Howard Carter and contained a wealth of treasures, including the famous gold mask of Tutankhamun.
- Ramses III’s Tomb: This tomb is known for its intricate decorations, which include colorful paintings and reliefs. It also contains a long corridor that leads to a large burial chamber.
- Seti I’s Tomb: This tomb is one of the largest in the valley and is known for its colorful decorations and intricate hieroglyphics.
5-Valley of Queens
The Valley of the Queens is an ancient burial site located on the west bank of the Nile River in Luxor, Egypt. It is situated near the Valley of the Kings and was used as a burial place for the wives and children of pharaohs during the New Kingdom period (approximately 1550-1070 BC).
The valley contains more than 70 tombs, many of which are decorated with colorful paintings and hieroglyphics. The tombs were designed to protect the remains of the pharaohs’ family members and their possessions for eternity, and were often filled with treasures such as jewelry, pottery, and furniture.
Some of the most notable tombs in the Valley of the Queens include:
- Tomb of Nefertari: This tomb is considered one of the most beautiful and well-preserved in the valley. It is known for its intricate decorations and vivid colors, which include scenes of Nefertari’s life and journey through the afterlife.
- Tomb of Amunherkhepshef: This tomb is notable for its well-preserved decorations, which include scenes of the pharaoh and his family members in the afterlife.
- Tomb of Tyti: This tomb is known for its colorful decorations and well-preserved reliefs, which depict scenes of Tyti and her husband, Ramses III.
6-Colossi of Memnon
The statues of Memnon are considered one of the most famous monuments of Luxor, located on the road leading to the tombs of the Valley of the Kings region, the remains of an ancient temple built to commemorate King Granted III, one of the kings of the 18th Dynasty, which is considered one of the most powerful families that ruled ancient Egypt. The statues of Memnon are considered one of the most prominent tourist attractions in Luxor, where tourists are keen to stand, and reflect on the greatness of ancient Egyptian history, they are called “Giant Mamnon”, and the height of one statue is about 21.90 m, and was named “Mamoun” during the era of the Greeks; as a result.
You can’t travel to Luxor without passing through the Luxor Museum, which contains more than 376 rare artifacts and mummies to the most important kings of Pharaonic Egypt. The museum is located on Corniche Road and is one of the most important tourist places in Egypt to learn about Pharaonic history. Luxor Museum consists of two floors: the first floor contains many very important artifacts, most notably the granite head of the statue of Amenhotep III, the head of the goddess Hathor, which takes the form of a cow, the statue of the god Amon,
and the Karnak painting, while the top floor contains a hall with many important statues, a mummies hall, a hall for cutting ornaments, utensils, some furniture, and amulets.
Located in the western mainland region, the Funerary Temple of Ramses II was built by King Ramses II, confirming its great royal status, and in his memory. King Ramses II was fond of building temples in Luxor and Nubia, but the most important of which was the Ramesium Temple; because of its huge statues of King Ramses II, pictures and inscriptions on the walls of the temple, which tell the nature of life during that historical era, the most famous of which are inscriptions that tell the planning of
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9-The city of Habu
The city of Habu is one of the most beautiful archaeological areas in Luxor, built by King Ramses III to hold funerary rituals and worship the god Amun. The secret to the city of Habu in Luxor is its unique architectural style similar to the architectural style of temples found in the area of ancient Syria, which the king saw during his wars there. The city of Habu was built on an area of 10 acres, and its walls and ceilings still retain its colors despite its construction date dating back to 3,200 BC. It has the most important tourist attractions in Luxor and most notably the Temple of Habu, one of the largest fortified temples of the ancient state, where there is a soran, one indoor and the other external, a ballroom, a place reserved for priests, called the Most High of Holies.
10- Karnak sound and light shows
held at night, which tell its story in more than one language.