National Museum of Egyptian Civilization
The National Museum of Egyptian Civilization is located in the Fustat area in ancient Egypt ( Old Cairo }
Close to Babylon Fortress, overlooking Lake Ain Al-Sira
The museum contains fifty thousand artifacts that tell the stages of the development of the Egyptian civilization in addition to a presentation of the achievements of the Egyptian man in the various fields of life from the dawn of history to the present time. And the modern era. The museum site overlooks a natural lake, which is Lake Ain Al Sira.
History of Museum
The establishment of the National Museum of Egyptian Civilization until 1982, when UNESCO announced an international campaign to establish the National Museum of Civilization and the Nubia Museum in Aswan, and in 1999 the current site of the museum was chosen in Fustat instead of its previous site on the island, and archaeological excavations were carried out at the museum site from 2000 to 2005 And the foundation stone for the museum building was laid in 2002, after excavation work carried out in 2000.
The museum’s holdings will be displayed in 9 halls, including a permanent main exhibition on the most important achievements of Egyptian civilization, with six thematic exhibitions covering the dawn of civilization, the Nile, writing, state and society, culture, beliefs and ideas, and an exhibition of royal mummies.
The museum includes large temporary spaces for display, an auditorium and a center for education and research, as well as an exhibition related to the development of New Cairo. It will serve as a venue for a variety of events, including screening of films, conferences, lectures, and cultural activities, and will target local, national, and international audiences.
The main hall
The main exhibition hall of the museum contains a number of artifacts that give an integrated idea of the Egyptian civilization from the Pharaonic, Greek, Roman, Coptic, Islamic, and modern eras.
The hall prepares the visitors for the atmosphere of the Valley of the Kings. The hall includes 20 royal mummies, including 18 kings, and two queens from the seventeenth to the twentieth dynasty. The most important of these mummies are the mummy of King Seqnen Ra, King Tuthmosis III, Queen Hatshepsut, King Ramses II, and King Ramses III.
The museum is characterized by the presence of a grille inside the museum campus, which was first discovered in 1932, and was re-discovered during the previous excavations to build the museum in 2003-2004. The grille has three rows of double eyelets each with 13 eyes. On the north side, there are 13 single eyes that are supported by a brick wall. The springs are built of small red bricks, separated by a corridor 50 cm wide, and each group of eyes is separated by a brick wall 20 cm wide. The eyes are round, 80 cm in diameter, and 70 cm in height.
On the north side, there are 10 rectangular ponds, the dimensions of which are 70 x 70 cm, and a height of 90 cm, separated by a corridor 65 cm wide.
These pans are believed to be used to stabilize the dye after the dyeing process.