The most important pyramids in Egypt
Egypt is home to dozens of pyramids, but some of the most important and well-known pyramids include:
The Great Pyramid of Giza
This pyramid, located on the outskirts of Cairo, is the largest and most famous pyramid in Egypt. It was built for the pharaoh Khufu during the 26th century BC and is believed to have taken more than 20 years to construct. It is the only remaining wonder of the ancient world.
The Pyramid of Khafre
This pyramid is the second largest pyramid at Giza and was built for the pharaoh Khafre during the 26th century BC. It is known for its distinctive limestone casing, which still partially survives.
The Pyramid of Menkaure
This pyramid is the smallest of the three pyramids at Giza and was built for the pharaoh Menkaure during the 26th century BC. It is known for its well-preserved lower sections and its elegant design.
The Step Pyramid of Djoser
The Step Pyramid of Djoser is one of the most important and well-known pyramids in Egypt. It is located at the Saqqara Necropolis, which is about 30 kilometers south of Cairo. The pyramid was built for the pharaoh Djoser during the 27th century BC and is the oldest known pyramid in Egypt.
Designed by the famous architect Imhotep and is considered one of the most important structures in the development of Egyptian architecture. It was built from limestone blocks and is known for its distinctive step-like design, which is why it is called a “step pyramid.” The pyramid originally stood about 62 meters tall, although it is now about 60 meters tall due to erosion.
The Pyramid complex also includes a number of other structures, including temples, tombs, and courtyards. The most famous of these is the complex of columns known as the “Hypostyle Hall,” which has 42 columns arranged in 6 rows.
The Bent Pyramid
This pyramid, located near the city of Dahshur, is known for its unusual shape. It was built for the pharaoh Sneferu during the 26th century BC and was originally built at a steep angle before the angle was changed partway through construction.
These pyramids represent some of the most impressive and important architectural achievements of ancient Egypt and continue to captivate visitors from around the world.