Oasis of Siwa

The Oasis of Siwa, often simply referred to as Siwa, is an isolated oasis located in the western desert of Egypt. It is one of Egypt’s most remote and distinct oases, known for its stunning natural beauty and unique cultural heritage. Here are some key points about Siwa Oasis:

Siwa Location

Siwa Egypt Oasis

Location: Siwa Oasis is situated in the heart of the Western Desert of Egypt, about 50 kilometers (30 miles) east of the Libyan border.

Size: The oasis covers an area of approximately 80 km (31 sq mi).

History and Culture

Ancient Civilization: The oasis has a rich history dating back to ancient times. It was an important settlement even in the time of the ancient Egyptians.

Oracle of Amun: One of the most famous landmarks in Siwa is the Temple of the Oracle of Amun. Alexander the Great visited this oracle in 332 BCE to seek guidance for his conquests.

Berber Influence: The inhabitants of Siwa are mainly Berbers, and their language, customs, and traditions are distinct from those of the rest of Egypt.

Agriculture: Despite being in the desert, Siwa is known for its agriculture. Date palms, olives, and fruit trees are cultivated in the oasis.

Tourist Attractions:

Shali Fortress: This ancient mud-brick fortress was once the main city in Siwa. Although it is now in ruins, it remains a significant historical site.

Cleopatra’s Bath: A natural spring where, according to local legend, Cleopatra used to bathe.

Great Sand Sea: The Great Sand Sea, a vast expanse of sand dunes, surrounds the oasis and offers a unique and picturesque landscape.

Amun Temple: The Temple of the Oracle of Amun, also known as the Temple of the Oracle of Aghurmi, is an archaeological site that attracts visitors interested in ancient history.

Geography and Environment:

Natural Springs:

    • Siwa is known for its numerous natural springs, providing a source of freshwater in the midst of the desert. These springs contribute to the oasis’s lush vegetation.
    • Salt Lakes:
      • The oasis is surrounded by salt lakes, such as Bir Wahed, which add to the unique landscape of the area.
      • Great Sand Sea:
        • The Great Sand Sea, a vast desert of sand dunes, stretches to the west of Siwa. It presents an opportunity for desert adventures, including sandboarding and camel treks.


Agriculture: Agriculture is a key economic activity, with the cultivation of dates, olives, and various fruits. The oasis is known for its high-quality dates.

Tourism: The oasis has become a popular tourist destination, attracting those interested in its history, culture, and unique desert landscapes.


Roads: Siwa is accessible by road, and there are several routes leading to the oasis.

Isolation: Despite being more accessible than in the past, Siwa remains somewhat isolated due to its location in the desert.

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